Sunday, 22 November 2020 09:29

Profile of Colorectal Cancer among Yemeni Patients: Five Year of Experience

Short Communication

Ahmed Alezzi Al-Malahy, Saeed Hadi Al-Bahlooli, Abdalelah Shaga Aldine

Department of Surgery Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Health Sciences, Thamar University, Dhamar, Yemen

 

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy, after lung and breast cancers, in the developing countries including Yemen. However, no nation-wide figures about this lethal disease.

Aim: This work was aimed to study the profile of colorectal carcinoma among Yemeni patients from our five years of experience in the management of the disease.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features, management, and outcomes of 164 patients diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma and operated upon at Thamar University Al-Whadah Teaching Hospital, Dhamar, and Al-Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Sana’a, between 2003 and 2008.

Results: This study reported that 64 cases (39.02%) were less than 40 years of age and 100 patients (60.98%) were 40 years or older. Sites of pathology were cecum (11; 6.71%), ascending colon and hepatic flexure (15; 9.15%), transverse colon (9; 5.49%), splenic flexure (4; 2.44%), descending colon (11; 6.71%), sigmoid colon (38; 23.17%), rectosigmoid junction (21; 12.80%) and rectum (55; 33.54%). Potentially-curative surgery was performed in 124 cases (75.61%). Forty (40; 24.39%) metastatic cases were reported.

Conclusion: Colorectal cancer in Yemen is on the rise, this highlights the need for more extensive screening programs especially in the high-risk groups.

Keywords: Colorectal Cancer, Yemen

 

References

  1. Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries. CA CANCER J CLIN. 2018; 68:394–424.
  2. Mármol I, Sánchez-de-Diego C, Pradilla Dieste A, Cerrada E, Rodriguez Yoldi MJ. Colorectal Carcinoma: A General Overview and Future Perspectives in Colorectal Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017;18: 197.
  3. Johns LE, Houlston RS. A systematic review and meta-analysis of familial colorectal cancer risk. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 2001;96: 2992–3003.
  4. Robertson DJ. ABC of colorectal cancer. Gastroenterology. 2012; 143: 868–869.
  5. Basaleem HO, Al-Sakkaf KA. Colorectal cancer among Yemeni patients: Characteristics and trends. Saudi Med J. 2004;25 (8): 1002-1005.
  6. Abu-Zaid AA, Khfagy W, Marzoul OM, Alaa A, Mostafa I. Colorectal cancer in Egypt. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002; 45: 1255-1260.
  7. Mansour I, Zahrani IH, Abdul-Aziz S. Colorectal cancer in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2002; 23: 322-327.
  8. Arnold M, Sierra MS, Laversanne M, Soerjomataram I, Jemal A, Bray F. Global patterns and trends in colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. Gut. 2017; 66:683-691.
Read 132 times

About AMH

Annals of Medicine & Health (AMH) is a peer reviewed medical journal that established and published by a governmental medical faculty titled Thamar University Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences (TUFMHS). 

Address

Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences AL-Mohafadhah St. Thamar City - Yemen

P.O.Box: 87246

Tel Fax: +967 6 509 578

Tel No: +967 6 509 577

Mail: fmhs@tu.edu.ye

Copyright © 2019 Thamar University - Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences - Annals of Medicine & Health . All Rights Reserved. | Developed By ProSite Yemen

Search